Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of machines to perform tasks that were initially reserved for human beings because they require advanced intelligence and reasoning capabilities to accomplish. In recent times, AI has been incorporated in many aspects of our daily lives to perform complex tasks with impressive precision. The benefits of Artificial Intelligence in fields like medicine and communication cannot be ignored.

Most Artificial Intelligence application examples that we hear about today, from chess-playing computers to self-driving cars, rely heavily on deep learning and natural language processing. Using these technologies, machines can be trained to accomplish specific tasks by processing large amounts of data and recognizing patterns in the data. The benefits of artificial intelligence have attracted the attention of policymakers, opinion leaders, and interested observers in the general public. In this article we are going to discuss the benefits of artificial intelligence and also challenges that have risen from its use and development.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS) on Artificial Intelligence

1. What Is Artificial Intelligence?

2. What Does Artificial Intelligence Do?

3. How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

4. Where Can You Acquire Artificial Intelligence?

Major Types of Artificial Intelligence

The following are the major types of Artificial Intelligence with hundreds of varieties in sizes and prices:

Reactive Machines AI

The basic types of Artificial Intelligence systems are quite reactive, and they do not have the capacity to use past experiences to address current situations and to configure memories. Amazon’s chess-playing computer is one example of this type of machine. It’s designed in such a way to defeat human beings in chess games, but it can’t assess all future moves. Its assessment method is more advanced as it uses a neural network to evaluate game developments. Gaming is one of the major benefits of artificial intelligence.

Limited Memory AI

Limited memory AI is usually used in self-driving cars. Cars installed with limited memory AI are able to sense the movement of other vehicles around them. They record the static data such as lane marks, traffic lights and any other features on the road. This ensures that autonomous cars don’t get hit while on the road. The AI system takes a long time to make considerable decisions in self-driving.

Theory of Mind AI

This type of artificial intelligence is highly advanced. The theory of mind in psychology represents the understanding of people and things around the world that harbor emotions which alter their own character. Although theory of mind AI has not been fully developed, research shows that the way to make progress is to start by developing robots that can identify facial movements and respond accordingly.

Self-aware AI

Self-aware AI is more like the theory of mind AI. It’s not yet developed, but when it will be, it will be able to configure data about itself. This basically means that particular devices are tuned into cues from human-like features and they are able to display attention spans, emotions, and self-driven reactions.

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)

ANI is a commonly used technology which is found in many areas of our daily life. One can find it in specific smartphones that help users solve problems on request. This type of artificial intelligence is also referred to as “weak AI” since it can’t be used elsewhere.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

This system works more like human beings and can be described as the opposite of ANI since it’s referred to as “strong AI.” A large number of modern robots use ANI while a few others use AGI or higher. In this category of AGI, we have the Pillo robot, which answers all questions with respect to health in the family. It is able to distribute pills and give instructions on health matters. This is a very strong technology and can be equated to a full-time live-in doctor. AGI is an example of the benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare.

Artificial Superhuman Intelligence (ASI)

This type of AI also works more like human beings though it can also do more according to the experts. A good example of ASI is Alpha 2 which is the first humanoid robot developed for the family. It can manage a smart home and can operate things in a home. It will keep you updated about weather conditions and can also narrate stories. It is a high-tech robot which feels like a member of the family.

human standing

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Increases Efficiency

Today, artificial intelligence has a lot of benefits to society because it improves our efficiency in service delivery, while creating new opportunities by creating jobs, revenue generation, and is cost effective. However, experts have expressed concerns about unregulated technologies with a recent example of automobiles. It took a long time for authorities to regulate the industry and ensure its safety.

Frees up Workers to Perform More Complex Tasks

Human beings are not very effective when it comes to tedious tasks. Machines/technology on the other hand can do these tasks efficiently, and this is where AI can provide a working solution. This gives human beings an opportunity to do the interpersonal and creative tasks and hence commit less human errors.

Increases Jobs

Job creation is one of the benefits of artificial intelligence. AI encourages a step-by-step evolution in the employment sector which positively impacts development when carried out with proper preparation. Jobs will still be there for people, but they’ll be more effective with the help of AI. The formidable combination of human work force and machines will become the new norm in the future, removing the myth that AI will destroy jobs.

Enhances Our Lifestyle

The growth of AI in our world will enhance our lifestyle and create more reliable businesses. Some monotonous tasks like answering emails and data entry will be left to intelligent assistants. Reduction of energy usage in smart homes, provision of better security, improved marketing strategies, and improved health care are some of the benefits of artificial intelligence that play a role in improving our living standards.

Telemedicine

AI has the ability to expand knowledge and create a better understanding of diseases and how to effectively treat them. A good example is the image-based AI diagnoses of medical conditions which assist in performing deep analysis of diseases. This allows for a more comprehensive deployment of telemedicine.

Increases Automation

One of the benefits of artificial intelligence for businesses or other fields will be a reduction in operational costs facilitated through automation. However, experts argue that this is yet to be fully exploited.

Elevates Standards of Living

Technology has the ability to solve more problems, answer more questions and bring about innovation with a number of inputs beyond the ability of the human brain. It can certainly be used for good, though on the other hand it can be manipulated for evil.

Solves Complex Social Problems

Humans are just beginning to understand the operations of AI and how it can be applied to solve problems meaningfully. As we develop our use of AI, we hope it will be a clear benefit in our lives. Much of the fear of AI is a lack of understanding of what it is and how it should work. However, AI has a promise of solving complex social problems.

Improves Demand Management

AI is beneficial to society because machines, unlike human brains, can become smarter over time and increase efficiency. In addition, computers are not as susceptible to the same level of errors as human beings are. AI can be used to analyze and research historical data from an energy standpoint to determine how to most effectively distribute energy loads from a grid.

Expands Creativity

AI gives the biggest opportunity to humans to extend and expand creativity and ingenuity because it makes decisions which usually require a human level of expertise, and assists people to foretell problems or solve issues as they come up. As such, AI operates in an intentional, intelligent, and adaptive manner as they work to improve their operations.

robot and board

Concerns Regarding Artificial Intelligence

Loss of Control

If machines can get smarter than humans, a loss of control can be extremely dangerous. Whether that happens or whether certain controls can be put in place remains to be seen. The experts therefore need to put regulations and controls in place to avoid disasters.

Unforeseen Consequences

While the media has been discussing killer robots and creating fear, attention needs to be paid to unintended and unforeseen outcomes of artificial intelligence today, as they’re already living with us. A current example is Facebook’s news feed algorithm that is alleged to have influenced an election outcome that affected regional politics. This has raised serious concerns because some entities can misuse artificial intelligence to have an unfair advantage over their rivals, or alter social systems leading to chaos.

A member of the Allen Institute for artificial intelligence argues that there should be rules regulating these systems. AI should be governed by the same laws that have been put in place for human behavior, including regulations that deal with cyberbullying, stock manipulation, or terroristic threats, as well as the possibility of enticing people into committing crimes.

Systems should inform users that they are automated machines and not human beings. An AI system should not retain or disclose confidential information without express permission from the source. This is because these tools store a lot of data that could be misused by criminal elements in society.

Misuse of Data

Society has and will continue to benefit from AI in character/facial recognition, digital content accuracy and analysis in establishing patterns. Whether they are used for health sciences, academic research or technology applications, AI risks are real if we don’t take seriously the value of incoming data. We should set rules to regulate AI applications which are making granular trade-off decisions at high computing speeds.

Absolves Humans of All Responsibility

It is one thing to use machine learning to foretell possible future occurrences and to get solutions to problems. It is a completely different thing to use these systems objectively without allowing them full control to act in ways that will make people obsolete. When machine intelligence overpowers our ability to understand it, or it becomes more superior, we are left in a vulnerable position and at the mercy of such machines. This is in not in the best interest of humanity, and we should be careful not to blindly follow all AI recommendations and remove all responsibility from ourselves.

Conclusion

robotic hand with virtual graphic

To a larger extent, the benefits of artificial intelligence have outweighed the risks. AI has facilitated significant improvements in various sectors, especially in the communication and healthcare sectors. But like any other great invention, there have been some concerns regarding its application and the extent to which we should develop it. Artificial Intelligence has exponential potential. It can be used to make drastic improvements in almost all aspects of our lives. However, it is a double-edged sword that should be used cautiously.